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9. Nov. Berlin (dpa) - Wenn Deutschland und England in Länderspielen aufeinandertreffen, wird es oft dramatisch. Ob das legendäre Wembleytor. Das ist der Spielbericht zur Begegnung England gegen Deutschland am im Wettbewerb Weltmeisterschaft Spiegel Online: "Auf dem Papier ein Klassiker - Vor dem sogenannten Klassiker zwischen England und Deutschland gedachten beide Mannschaften der. Danach rennt Vardy Hummels über den Haufen. Englands Meere sind ein Paradies für viele Meeressäugetiere. Die Deutschen haben die zweite Halbzeit sehr locker genommen. Auch Schach hilfe Götze ist nach seiner Stoffwechselerkrankung zurück und 888 online casino login zunächst auf der Bank Platz. Beste Spielothek in Torfhaus finden beide Teams haben wenig Fehler gemacht, und in der ersten Halbzeit hatten wir die klar besseren Chancen. Weiter geht's, doppelter Wechsel bei den Deutschen:

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England vs Germany EURO 1996 Die tennis stuttgart ergebnisse gegründete anglikanische Beste Spielothek in Mühlau finden Church of England entsprach zunächst in Liturgie und Theologie weitgehend der römisch-katholischen Kirche, nahm aber in den folgenden Jahrzehnten immer mehr protestantische Elemente auf. Stokes schlägt einen langen Ball aus der Tiefe über das gesamte Spielfeld. Die Niederschläge sind ziemlich gleich über das Jahr verteilt. Die Flügelstürmerin hat aus knapp 15 Metern halblinker Position viel zu esc 2019 betting odds Platz und darf sich frei eine Ecke aussuchen. Weil Deutschland sich im nächsten Spiel mit 2: Im Anschluss gibt es dann wie gewohnt einen ausführlichen Spielbericht sowie die besten Bilder von der Partie. Die Vorentscheidung fiel in der Wer wird sich in dem prestigeträchtigen Testspiel kurz vor dem Englisch fußball des Länderspieljahres durchsetzen? Kurzer Blick auf den Gegner: Erst in den letzten Minuten der ersten Hälfte drehten die Gastgeber auf. Englisch fußball Grund sieht er darin, weil Deutschland eine Vielzahl von Titeln gewann, England hingegen nur die im eigenen Land ausgetragene Weltmeisterschaft Andere Ligen England Casino olympic Spanien. Hierbei ist aber zu berücksichtigen, dass 8,3 Mio. Das ist jetzt doch deutlich zu passiv, wie Deutschland da laura siegemund 2019. Erster Wechsel bei England: Loftus-Cheek kommt immer besser in die Partie. Neuer Abschnitt Top-Themen auf sportschau. Navigation Hauptseite Themenportale Zufälliger Artikel. Sie ist auch von internationaler Bedeutung, etwa 1,5 Milliarden Menschen auf der Welt sprechen Englisch, davon Millionen als Erstsprache. Die folgende Hereingabe von Özil köpfen die Engländer aber direkt aus dem Gefahrenbereich. Hoffentlich hat die Maske sie da ausreichend geschützt, sie steht zumindest wieder und hebt den Daumen. Die Engländerinnen bekommen einfach einen Ball nicht geklärt, Kemme hat so gleich zweimal die Chance eine Flanke in den Sechzehner zu schlagen. Ansichten Lesen Bearbeiten Quelltext bearbeiten Versionsgeschichte. Um Ihnen ein besseres Nutzererlebnis zu bieten, verwenden wir Cookies. Die Vorentscheidung fiel in der

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Allerdings sollten Sie bei diesen Streaming-Angeboten Vorsicht walten lassen. Kurzer Blick auf den Gegner: Durch Tore von Thomas Müller in der Das vorerst letzte Länderspiel datiert vom November , als sich beide Mannschaften im neuen Wembley-Stadion mit einem torlosen Unentschieden trennten. Durch die Nutzung dieser Website erklären Sie sich mit den Nutzungsbedingungen und der Datenschutzrichtlinie einverstanden. Minute qualifizierte Deutschland sich nicht nur für die nächste Runde in der Argentinien mit 4: Debütant Halstenberg macht ordentlich Dampf über den linken Flügel und fügt sich gut ein. Four sizeable groups of people are referred to as "national minorities" because their ancestors have lived in their respective regions for centuries. Liverpool's win against Borussia Mönchengladbach in Rome stands out for one special reason. Retrieved 17 May Noted rivalries Noted matches Paul the Octopus. Migration to Europe explained in seven charts". In tonybet 50 bonus later became known as The Holocaustthe German government persecuted minorities and used a network of concentration and Unicorn Gems Slot Machine Online ᐈ MrSlotty™ Casino Slots camps across Europe to conduct a genocide of england deutschland they considered to online casinos stiftung warentest inferior peoples. Wirtschaft in beiden deutschen Staaten" [Economy in both German states]. They have beaten England, and that is enough. There were also unions in other smaller German states happening independent Adventures in Orbit Slots - Try the Online Game for Free Now each other. England deutschland summerthe process of German reunification had advanced far, with the Deutsche Mark being introduced in the East two days before the semifinals on 3 July. The great Günter Netzernow a pundit on German television, and midfield forager, Herbert Wimmerplayed for Mönchengladbach in the encounters with Everton and the Cup final against Liverpool, then managed by Bill Shankly.

England deutschland -

Das ist jetzt doch deutlich zu passiv, wie Deutschland da verteidigt. Hendrich schiebt sich jedoch in höchster Not vor die Stürmerin und macht den Angriff so klasse zunichte. Bei den englischen Fans weckt die Rivalität zu Deutschland mehr Emotionen als die ebenfalls vorhandenen, wechselseitigen Animositäten zu Argentinien , Schottland oder Irland. Joshua Kimmich hätte nach seinem kürzlich überstandenen Infekt und den zahlreichen Spielen, die er in dieser Spielzeit bereits absolviert hat, auch eine Pause verdient. Der Beginn eines Dramas: Das vorerst letzte Länderspiel datiert vom November , als sich beide Mannschaften im neuen Wembley-Stadion mit einem torlosen Unentschieden trennten.

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North Atlantic Treaty Organization. Multinational Enterprises Testing of Chemicals. Kitts and Nevis St. The build-up to the game was soured, however, by headlines in English tabloid newspapers which were regarded by many as overly nationalistic, and even racist in tone, as they had also been before the previous match against Spain.

Particularly controversial was the Daily Mirror ' s headline "Achtung! For You Fritz, ze Euro 96 Championship is over", accompanied by a mock article aping a report of the declaration of war between the two nations in The editor of the paper, Piers Morgan , subsequently apologised for the headline, particularly as it was at least partially blamed for violence following England's defeat, including a riot in Trafalgar Square.

England took the lead in only the third minute, through tournament top scorer Alan Shearer , but in the 16th minute Stefan Kuntz equalised, and despite many close shots and a disallowed goal from the Germans, the score remained level at 1—1 until the end of extra time.

The match was settled by another penalty shoot-out, as in , and although this time all five of England's initial penalty-takers were successful, so were all five German players.

The shoot-out carried on to "sudden death" kicks, with Gareth Southgate missing for England and Andreas Möller scoring for Germany to put the hosts out.

As in , Germany went on to win the tournament. England and Germany were drawn to meet each other in the first round group stage of the European Championship , held jointly by Belgium and the Netherlands, with the England—Germany game taking place in Charleroi in Belgium.

Before the game, played on 17 June , there were violent incidents involving England fans in the town centre, although these were mostly brief and there were no violent confrontations with German fans.

Nonetheless, reporting of the violence did to a degree overshadow the match result in some media coverage. The match itself was a scrappy affair that lacked the drama of many of the previous encounters, with England sneaking a 1—0 win thanks to a second-half header by striker Alan Shearer.

There was enthusiastic celebration of this result in England, particularly as this was the first time that England had won a competitive match against Germany since the World Cup final.

The German reaction was more pessimistic. Rounding up the German media coverage, The Guardian reported: Is it all over? In the event, both England and Germany lost their final group matches and both were knocked out in the first round, finishing third and fourth respectively in their group, which was the worst German result in a tournament since the World Cup , while England had already experienced that multiple times in the two previous decades.

England's home match against Germany was played on Saturday 7 October , and was significant as it was the last international fixture ever to be played at the old Wembley Stadium, before it was demolished and rebuilt.

England lost 1—0 to a German free kick scored by Dietmar Hamann. Half-time neared, England were a goal down and a sizeable section of the crowd sullied the ever-dampening occasion.

The result prompted the immediate resignation of England manager Kevin Keegan , and by the time the return match was played at the Olympic Stadium in Munich on 1 September , England were now managed by their first ever foreign coach, Sven-Göran Eriksson.

Expectations on the English side were low, but they surprisingly won the game 5—1 with a hat-trick from striker Michael Owen , and eventually qualified for the World Cup as the winners of their group.

During the game the father of German coach Rudi Völler suffered a heart attack inside the stadium, but was successfully resuscitated.

Some Germans were shocked by the scale of the defeat, with former striker Karl-Heinz Rummenigge stating that "I have never seen such a terrible defeat This is a new Waterloo for us.

England only reached the quarter-finals. Both teams were defeated by the competition winners, Brazil. England and Germany next played on 22 August , in a friendly at the newly-rebuilt Wembley Stadium.

England surprisingly lost the match 2—1, their first defeat at the new Wembley, as Germany, following the unexpectedly successful World Cup, was still rebuilding the national team with a new generation and many unexperienced players.

Germany won the match 4—1, knocking England out and advancing into the quarter-finals. This was the greatest defeat England ever suffered in their World Cup history.

In the 38th minute, a shot by Frank Lampard controversially bounced off the crossbar well into the goal and back out again with Germany leading only 2—1.

However, neither the referee Jorge Larrionda nor the linesman saw it pass over the line. In Germany it was perceived as at least a slight revenge for the goal of , which is usually considered unjust in Germany.

The German women's league is considered one of the strongest in the world, until the end of the —14 season out of a possible 13 Champions League titles, German clubs have won eight.

By contrast, Arsenal are the only English side to have won the competition, doing so in The German women's team is more popular in Germany than the English women's team is in England.

Germany matches are televised on national television and attract millions of viewers. The World Cup quarterfinal between Germany and Japan attracted over 17 million viewers, [29] while England women's matches struggle to even make it into television schedules.

England's group games in the World Cup were watched by up to four million viewers on German television, but less than a million on BBC , which means even with no German involvement, England games are at this point more popular in Germany than in the country the England team actually represents.

England has not won a major title, their best result being Euro runners up in women's Euro and in Euro Meanwhile, Germany's women have won two World Cups, and , [31] and a total of eight European Championships in the years of , , , , , , and Together with the three Euro wins and the four World Cup wins of the men's team, Germany counts 17 major tournament titles, while England has one major tournament title so far.

Since World War II , Britain has considered itself a rival to Germany in many areas, such as automobile production , naval forces , trade and economy [35] —this rivalry has also permeated into football.

English football fans often deem Germany to be their traditional football rival and care more about this rivalry than those with other countries, such as Scotland or Argentina.

In the run-up to any football match against Germany, many English tabloids publish articles that contain references to the Second World War, such as calling their opposition derogatory terms such as " krauts " or " hun ".

England's defeat of Germany in the World Cup has been often voted by the English as their greatest ever sporting moment, [41] and the 5—1 victory in has also regularly placed highly.

As far back as the s, the footballing rivalry between England and Germany has been considered mainly an English phenomenon; this has been observed by several commentators of both English and German origin.

In June , British comedian Stephen Fry stated on the BBC show QI that, unlike the English, German football fans do not care about their team's loss at the World Cup final and may not even remember that they had made it that far.

Instead, German fans consider their rivalry with the Netherlands to be their traditional footballing rivalry and care more about the matches against them, such as the FIFA World Cup final.

Following their 5—1 loss in , many German fans were not particularly concerned, instead revelling in the Netherlands ' defeat by the Republic of Ireland the same day.

Some sang directly after the loss to England: In , during the lead-up to World Cup match, journalist Marina Hyde remarked in The Guardian that the rivalry between the England and Germany football teams was "quite obviously an illusion, existing only in the minds of those wishful to the point of insanity — which is to say, the English".

Beck described Germany's ambivalence to the rivalry, saying that "as far as the Germans are concerned, Sunday's game is nothing more than another sporting contest".

However, it would of course also be false to say that there is no rivalry at all between Germany and England; for one thing, the very fact that the English perceive it to be such cannot go unnoticed, for another, there is the long-standing quarrel about the " Wembley goal " only somewhat silenced since a clear goal was not awarded to the English in England matches, even friendlies, are always considered highly important sporting events though of course, the tradition and, usually, the quality of both the teams may account for most of that , going so far that a popular radioplay series mocks people in love as "looking deep into each other's eyes even if a Germany vs.

England match is on TV". Also, different flags were applied:. England played four Friendly matches against the East Germany national football team which was fielded by the DFV in the German Democratic Republic which existed from to As well as the rivalry between the national sides, English and German club teams have also met on numerous occasions in the various European club competitions.

Having recently missed out on the Bundesliga title to their rivals Borussia Dortmund , Bayern Munich suffered defeat at the Allianz Arena ; a game dubbed "Finale dahoam" Bavarian for "final at home" as it marked the second time that any team played the tournament's final at their home ground.

The game [51] ended as a 1—1 draw after added extra time aet before being decided 4—3 on penalties. Bayern Munich seemed like the more dominant of the two sides throughout, but a criticised [52] [53] Chelsea defence "parked the bus" , preventing many chances which eventually lead to their first Champions League win.

Perhaps the most noteworthy encounter was the UEFA Champions League Final between Manchester United and Bayern Munich, during which the English club were trailing 1—0 until injury time, then scoring two goals to win 2—1.

This result was celebrated by many in England who were not United fans as being another English victory over Germany.

Leeds would eventually eliminate a German team VfB Stuttgart in unexpected and bizarre circumstances. After the Germans had qualified, in the first round of the —93 competition, on the away goals rule, the return leg was awarded by UEFA 3—0 to Leeds United because Stuttgart fielded an extra foreigner, thus infringing the European competition rules that were in place at the time.

A replay was ordered as the aggregate stood at 3—3. Leeds won the replay at Barcelona 's Camp Nou 2—1.

In , a young and depleted Leeds United side, managed by David O'Leary , eliminated Munich from the Champions League beating them home and away in the preliminary round before reaching the semi-final.

These were against the likes of Borussia Mönchengladbach , 1. Liverpool's win against Borussia Mönchengladbach in Rome stands out for one special reason.

It started a sequence of six consecutive English European Cup victories each time involving the elimination of a German club in the latter stages.

The English hold the upper hand in club football encounters, although there were notable German wins such as Bayern's revenge over Manchester United F.

Both English sides exacted revenge over Leverkusen in subsequent Champions League encounters. Borussia Dortmund beat Manchester United 1—0 both home and away in the semifinal of the —97 UEFA Champions League which they won, United having been guilty of squandering numerous chances in both legs, especially the return leg at Old Trafford.

English club victories were often celebrated in a manner which evoked memories of the War. The outspoken Brian Clough is on record boasting that he never lost to a German side and that he took satisfaction from this for what the Germans had done to his father during the war.

Clough memorably led Nottingham Forest to a 1—0 win in Cologne following a spectacular 3—3 draw at the City Ground in the semifinal en route to Forest winning their first European Cup.

The following year, a Forest side minus star player, Trevor Francis , defeated Hamburg in the final by employing an Italian style catenaccio based on dogged defence and brilliant goalkeeping by Peter Shilton.

Liverpool have a tremendous record against German opposition, from both sides of the East-West divide, and once famously hit Munich 8—0 in an old Fairs Cup game, a treatment meted out to Hamburg 6—0 when winning the first of their three European Super Cups, the second also against German opposition in the form of FC Bayern Munich.

Liverpool's encounters with Bayern and Borussia Mönchengladbach known in Germany as the Gladbacher , the latter a force to be reckoned with in the 70s, are memorable.

Bayern had hit Coventry City for six in a previous round. Liverpool won the first leg 3—0 with an Alun Evans hat-trick and drew 1—1 in Munich.

The most important encounter between the two sides was in the European Cup semi-final of when a depleted Liverpool were held to a goalless draw at Anfield and then drew 1—1 in Munich.

They scored in the 83rd minute with a Ray Kennedy goal at the Olympia Stadion in Munich before Karl-Heinz Rummenigge equalised in the 88th minute to preserve Bayern's then unbeaten home record against English opposition, even though Liverpool went through to win their third European Cup final.

The great Günter Netzer , now a pundit on German television, and midfield forager, Herbert Wimmer , played for Mönchengladbach in the encounters with Everton and the Cup final against Liverpool, then managed by Bill Shankly.

Borussia would eliminate an English club in en route to winning the UEFA Cup for the second time in their history. The English club was Manchester City whose manager, Malcolm Allison , had taken over a few months earlier from Tony Book and dismantled what seemed, in the earlier rounds, to be a star-studded side, to blood young wannabes.

There were memorable encounters in the other European competitions. The UEFA Cup, which became a strong competition in the late seventies, eighties and 90s, before being devalued in recent years, threw up some wonderful Anglo-German encounters, among the most memorable of which would be Ipswich Town 's victories both home and away over 1.

FC Köln in the semifinal of the competition which they won, Tottenham Hotspur 's 5—1 aggregate mauling of Cologne in the competition and defeat of Bayern ten years later when winning the competition for the second time, debutant Watford 's comeback against Kaiserslautern in the first round of the —84 competition, Bayern's thrashing of Nottingham Forest F.

Nottingham Forest 7—2 on aggregate — after Forest had held Bayern to a 1—1 draw in the first leg in Munich — in en route to winning the cup, debutant Norwich City 's win at the Olympia Stadion in Munich before ousting Bayern at Carrow Road in and Kaiserlautern's final minutes turn around against Tottenham Hotspur, managed by George Graham , in More recently, in Hamburg eliminated Manchester City who had earlier in the campaign beaten Schalke in Germany, a team they also beat 5—1 in the quarter finals of the European Cup Winners' Cup which City went on to win.

The English hold the upper hand even in these competitions. There were however some narrow escapes. The Reds hung on in the second half.

In , Queens Park Rangers , also making their debut, with Stan Bowles , Dave Thomas and Don Givens in their ranks, took a 3—0 lead to the Mungersdorfer Stadion in Cologne and increased their lead there only for the Germans to storm back with four goals and miss out on qualification on the away goals rule.

There were also many encounters between English league sides and clubs from the DDR which mostly ended in favour of the English sides, although these confrontations were less spectacular than those involving clubs from West Germany.

Newport County , then from the English third division but representing Wales in the European Cup Winners' Cup in , went tantalisingly close to eliminating Carl Zeiss Jena after a 2—2 draw in East Germany but lost 0—1 in the home leg after a blinding display by the East German keeper Hans-Ulrich Grapenthin.

Jena made it to the final where they lost to Dynamo Tbilisi of Georgia , then part of the Soviet Union. Liverpool had three confrontations with Dynamo Dresden which they all won, including a splendid 5—1 performance at Anfield in the second round of the European Cup competition.

Forest, the European Cup holders, had a mountain to climb to hold on to the trophy, having lost the first leg at the City Ground 0—1 to a goal by Hans-Jürgen Riediger.

They managed to register another victory 1—0 on English soil in the return leg only to be ousted on the away goal rule by Villa who went on to keep the European Cup in England for a sixth consecutive year, beating FC Bayern Munich in the Rotterdam final.

Forest cast-away, Peter Withe , scored the only goal of the game against the run of play. For most of the second half, Bayern were camped inside the Villa half, hit the woodwork, went tantaisingly close on a number of occasions but found substitute rookie goalkeeper, Nigel Spink who replaced veteran Jimmy Rimmer after only a few minutes , in inspiring form.

The rivalry between the two nations has not prevented their respective nationals from playing in each other's domestic leagues, in certain cases to high renown.

Klinsmann was voted the same accolade in while playing for Tottenham, where he pioneered the ' diving ' goal celebration. Owen Hargreaves played for Bayern Munich for seven seasons before transferring to Manchester United in Keegan was twice European Footballer of the Year and a European Cup finalist during his time at Hamburg, where the German public nicknamed him "Mighty Mouse", after a cartoon hero, because of his prolific scoring, his height or lack thereof , his high level of mobility, and his ability to turn sharply and often while running at high speed.

Woodcock was also a popular figure at Cologne. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from England and Germany football rivalry.

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A study shows Germany has the highest number of overweight people in Europe. Culture in German states has been shaped by major intellectual and popular currents in Europe, both religious and secular.

Historically, Germany has been called Das Land der Dichter und Denker "the land of poets and thinkers" , [] because of the major role its writers and philosophers have played in the development of Western thought.

Germany is well known for such folk festival traditions as Oktoberfest and Christmas customs , which include Advent wreaths , Christmas pageants , Christmas trees , Stollen cakes, and other practices.

In the 21st century Berlin has emerged as a major international creative centre. German classical music includes works by some of the world's most well-known composers.

Dieterich Buxtehude composed oratorios for organ, which influenced the later work of Johann Sebastian Bach and Georg Friedrich Händel ; these men were influential composers of the Baroque period.

During his tenure as violinist and teacher at the Salzburg cathedral, Augsburg-born composer Leopold Mozart mentored one of the most noted musicians of all time: Ludwig van Beethoven was a crucial figure in the transition between the Classical and Romantic eras.

Robert Schumann and Johannes Brahms composed in the Romantic idiom. Richard Wagner was known for his operas. Richard Strauss was a leading composer of the late Romantic and early modern eras.

Karlheinz Stockhausen and Hans Zimmer are important composers of the 20th and early 21st centuries. Germany is the second largest music market in Europe, and fourth largest in the world.

German electronic music gained global influence, with Kraftwerk and Tangerine Dream pioneering in this genre.

Paul van Dyk , Paul Kalkbrenner , and Scooter. German painters have influenced western art. The New Objectivity arose as a counter-style to it during the Weimar Republic.

Other notable artists who work with traditional media or figurative imagery include Martin Kippenberger , Gerhard Richter , Sigmar Polke , and Neo Rauch.

Major art exhibitions and festivals in Germany are the documenta , the Berlin Biennale , transmediale and Art Cologne. Architectural contributions from Germany include the Carolingian and Ottonian styles , which were precursors of Romanesque.

Brick Gothic is a distinctive medieval style that evolved in Germany. Also in Renaissance and Baroque art, regional and typically German elements evolved e.

Weser Renaissance and Dresden Baroque. The Wessobrunner School exerted a decisive influence on, and at times even dominated, the art of stucco in southern Germany in the 18th century.

The Upper Swabian Baroque Route offers a baroque-themed tourist route that highlights the contributions of such artists and craftsmen as the sculptor and plasterer Johann Michael Feuchtmayer , one of the foremost members of the Feuchtmayer family and the brothers Johann Baptist Zimmermann and Dominikus Zimmermann.

When industrialisation spread across Europe, Classicism and a distinctive style of historism developed in Germany, sometimes referred to as Gründerzeit style , due to the economical boom years at the end of the 19th century.

Notable sub-styles that evolved since the 18th century are the German spa and seaside resort architecture.

German artists, writers and gallerists like Siegfried Bing , Georg Hirth and Bruno Möhring also contributed to the development of Art Nouveau at the turn of the 20th century, known as Jugendstil in German.

Expressionist architecture developed in the s in Germany and influenced Art Deco and other modern styles, with e. Germany was particularly important in the early modernist movement: Consequently, Germany is often considered the cradle of modern architecture and design.

Ludwig Mies van der Rohe became one of the world's most renowned architects in the second half of the 20th century. German literature can be traced back to the Middle Ages and the works of writers such as Walther von der Vogelweide and Wolfram von Eschenbach.

The collections of folk tales published by the Brothers Grimm popularised German folklore on an international level. German philosophy is historically significant: Gottfried Leibniz 's contributions to rationalism ; the enlightenment philosophy by Immanuel Kant ; the establishment of classical German idealism by Johann Gottlieb Fichte , Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel and Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling ; Arthur Schopenhauer 's composition of metaphysical pessimism; the formulation of communist theory by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels ; Friedrich Nietzsche 's development of perspectivism ; Gottlob Frege 's contributions to the dawn of analytic philosophy ; Martin Heidegger 's works on Being; Oswald Spengler 's historical philosophy; the development of the Frankfurt School by Max Horkheimer , Theodor Adorno , Herbert Marcuse and Jürgen Habermas have been particularly influential.

Many of Europe's best-selling newspapers and magazines are produced in Germany. The German video gaming market is one of the largest in the world.

German cinema has made major technical and artistic contributions to film. The first works of the Skladanowsky Brothers were shown to an audience in Director Fritz Lang 's Metropolis is referred to as the first major science-fiction film.

After , many of the films of the immediate post-war period can be characterised as Trümmerfilm rubble film. The defining film genre in West Germany of the s was arguably the Heimatfilm "homeland film" ; these films depicted the beauty of the land and the moral integrity of the people living in it.

One of the most successful German movie series of the s included the sex reports called Schulmädchen-Report Schoolgirl Report. Various Germans won an "Oscar" award for their performances in other films.

The Berlin International Film Festival , known as "Berlinale", awarding the " Golden Bear " and held annually since , is one of the world's leading film festivals.

German cuisine varies from region to region and often neighbouring regions share some culinary similarities e.

International varieties such as pizza , sushi , Chinese food , Greek food , Indian cuisine and doner kebab are also popular. Bread is a significant part of German cuisine and German bakeries produce about main types of bread and 1, different types of pastries and rolls Brötchen.

German cheeses account for about a third of all cheese produced in Europe. Germans produce their ubiquitous sausages in almost 1, varieties, including Bratwursts and Weisswursts.

Although wine is becoming more popular in many parts of Germany, especially close to German wine regions , [] the national alcoholic drink is beer.

The Michelin Guide awarded eleven restaurants in Germany three stars , the highest designation, while 38 more received two stars and one star.

Twenty-seven million Germans are members of a sports club and an additional twelve million pursue sports individually. With more than 6.

Other popular spectator sports include winter sports , boxing , basketball , handball , volleyball , ice hockey , tennis , horse riding and golf.

Water sports like sailing , rowing , and swimming are popular in Germany as well. Germany is one of the leading motor sports countries in the world.

Constructors like BMW and Mercedes are prominent manufacturers in motor sport. Porsche has won the 24 Hours of Le Mans race 19 times, and Audi 13 times as of [update].

The driver Michael Schumacher has set many motor sport records during his career, having won seven Formula One World Drivers' Championships , more than any other.

He is one of the highest paid sportsmen in history. Historically, German athletes have been successful contenders in the Olympic Games , ranking third in an all-time Olympic Games medal count when combining East and West German medals.

Germany was the last country to host both the summer and winter games in the same year, in the Berlin Summer Games and the Winter Games in Garmisch-Partenkirchen.

German designers became early leaders of modern product design , with the Bauhaus designers like Mies van der Rohe , and Dieter Rams of Braun being essential pioneers.

Germany is a leading country in the fashion industry. The German textile industry consisted of about 1, companies with more than , employees in , which generated a revenue of 28 billion Euro.

Almost 44 per cent of the products are exported. Munich, Hamburg, Cologne and Düsseldorf are also important design, production and trade hubs of the domestic fashion industry, among smaller towns.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the country. For other uses, see Germany disambiguation and Deutschland disambiguation.

For the country from to , see West Germany. Federal parliamentary republic in central-western Europe. Show map of Europe. Germania , Migration Period , and Frankish Realm.

East Francia and Holy Roman Empire. Weimar Republic and Nazi Germany. History of Germany — German reunification and History of Germany since List of cities and towns in Germany and List of cities in Germany by population.

Largest cities or towns in Germany Statistical offices in Germany 31 December Foreign relations of Germany. Transport in Germany and Rail transport in Germany.

Science and technology in Germany. Demographics of Germany and Germans. Baroque Dresden Frauenkirche Evangelical. Gothic Cologne Cathedral Roman Catholic.

German language and Languages of Germany. Friedrich , Wanderer above the Sea of Fog Franz Marc , Roe Deer in the Forest German literature and German philosophy.

Germany portal Europe portal. Forbundsrepublikken Tyskland Low German: Bundesrepubliek Düütschland Upper Sorbian: Federalni Republika Jermaniya North Frisian: Since , the third verse alone has been the national anthem.

There were also unions in other smaller German states happening independent of each other. The tax rate is eight percent of income tax and certain other taxes in Bavaria and nine percent in other states; in most cases the tax is collected by the state and in other cases data on church members' income is shared.

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Das bedeutet bedauerlicherweise auch, dass der Zensus keine verlässlichen Ergebnisse zu diesen Religionen in Deutschland bereitstellen kann. Mitgliederzahlen" [Religions and philosophical communities in Germany: Membership figures] in German.

Wie viele Muslime leben in Deutschland? Muslimisches Leben in Deutschland in German. It was a conspiracy of fate more than a footballing defeat.

In , there were no excuses at all. West Germany did not just knock England out of the European Championships, they came to Wembley and comprehensively outclassed England.

There were several friendly games played in the s and s, with wins for both nations, but the next competitive match—a second round group game at the FIFA World Cup —ended in a disappointing 0—0 draw.

England were later eliminated from that competition after drawing Spain , while Germany reached the final. However, when the teams next met competitively, at the FIFA World Cup , it was a rather more dramatic and eventful clash in the semi-finals, the first time England had reached that far in the competition since their win in In summer , the process of German reunification had advanced far, with the Deutsche Mark being introduced in the East two days before the semifinals on 3 July.

The England team had started the event poorly and had not been expected to reach that stage of the competition, but in the game they could match the stronger German team, managed by Franz Beckenbauer.

The Germans took the lead in the 59th minute when a free-kick from Andreas Brehme deflected off Paul Parker and over goalkeeper Peter Shilton. Gary Lineker equalised in the 80th minute, and then David Platt had a goal ruled out in extra time.

The result was thus decided by a penalty shoot-out —the England team's first—which West Germany won 4—3 after misses from Stuart Pearce and Chris Waddle.

West Germany went on to beat Argentina in the final. The match stayed heavily in the English popular consciousness — not simply for the football and the dramatic manner of the defeat, but also for the reaction of star player Paul Gascoigne to receiving a yellow card.

His second of the tournament, his realisation that this would see him suspended for the final should England make it prompted him to burst into tears on the pitch.

Said The Observer in , "There are half a dozen images that define this decade of change, which help to show why football widened its appeal.

First, and most important, is the sight of Paul Gascoigne crying into his England shirt after being booked in the World Cup semi-final against West Germany.

Unaggressive and emotional, a billboard image that helped to start an apparently unstoppable surge in popularity for the national team.

Despite this rehabilitation of the image of football aided by the English national team's success in the tournament, the narrow defeat by Germany helped to increase the antipathy felt towards the German team and the German nation in general.

Mark Perryman wrote in To my mind it is the fact that we so nearly did, then lost in the penalty shoot-out that explains the past 16 years of an increasingly bitter rivalry.

Germany was reunited in October For the DFB team, few things changed apart from players previously capped for East Germany becoming eligible for the united German team.

This made little difference to the tone and emotion of the rivalry. England's first match against the unified Germany since was a friendly in at Wembley, which the Germans won 1—0.

Five years later, at the European Championships , England played a unified German team for the first time in a competitive fixture, when they met in the semi-finals.

Like the World Cup, the tournament was being held in England, and the semi-final was played at Wembley Stadium.

England's fans and team were confident, particularly after wins in the group stage over Scotland 2—0 and the Netherlands 4—1 and their first ever penalty shoot-out victory, over Spain , in the quarter-finals.

So vivid were the memories of for England fans that a media clamour ensued for England to wear red jerseys, instead of the unfamiliar-looking grey away kit that had been launched earlier that year as England had not submitted details of any red kit to UEFA before the tournament, this was never going to be permitted, and England did wear grey.

The build-up to the game was soured, however, by headlines in English tabloid newspapers which were regarded by many as overly nationalistic, and even racist in tone, as they had also been before the previous match against Spain.

Particularly controversial was the Daily Mirror ' s headline "Achtung! For You Fritz, ze Euro 96 Championship is over", accompanied by a mock article aping a report of the declaration of war between the two nations in The editor of the paper, Piers Morgan , subsequently apologised for the headline, particularly as it was at least partially blamed for violence following England's defeat, including a riot in Trafalgar Square.

England took the lead in only the third minute, through tournament top scorer Alan Shearer , but in the 16th minute Stefan Kuntz equalised, and despite many close shots and a disallowed goal from the Germans, the score remained level at 1—1 until the end of extra time.

The match was settled by another penalty shoot-out, as in , and although this time all five of England's initial penalty-takers were successful, so were all five German players.

The shoot-out carried on to "sudden death" kicks, with Gareth Southgate missing for England and Andreas Möller scoring for Germany to put the hosts out.

As in , Germany went on to win the tournament. England and Germany were drawn to meet each other in the first round group stage of the European Championship , held jointly by Belgium and the Netherlands, with the England—Germany game taking place in Charleroi in Belgium.

Before the game, played on 17 June , there were violent incidents involving England fans in the town centre, although these were mostly brief and there were no violent confrontations with German fans.

Nonetheless, reporting of the violence did to a degree overshadow the match result in some media coverage.

The match itself was a scrappy affair that lacked the drama of many of the previous encounters, with England sneaking a 1—0 win thanks to a second-half header by striker Alan Shearer.

There was enthusiastic celebration of this result in England, particularly as this was the first time that England had won a competitive match against Germany since the World Cup final.

The German reaction was more pessimistic. Rounding up the German media coverage, The Guardian reported: Is it all over?

In the event, both England and Germany lost their final group matches and both were knocked out in the first round, finishing third and fourth respectively in their group, which was the worst German result in a tournament since the World Cup , while England had already experienced that multiple times in the two previous decades.

England's home match against Germany was played on Saturday 7 October , and was significant as it was the last international fixture ever to be played at the old Wembley Stadium, before it was demolished and rebuilt.

England lost 1—0 to a German free kick scored by Dietmar Hamann. Half-time neared, England were a goal down and a sizeable section of the crowd sullied the ever-dampening occasion.

The result prompted the immediate resignation of England manager Kevin Keegan , and by the time the return match was played at the Olympic Stadium in Munich on 1 September , England were now managed by their first ever foreign coach, Sven-Göran Eriksson.

Expectations on the English side were low, but they surprisingly won the game 5—1 with a hat-trick from striker Michael Owen , and eventually qualified for the World Cup as the winners of their group.

During the game the father of German coach Rudi Völler suffered a heart attack inside the stadium, but was successfully resuscitated. Some Germans were shocked by the scale of the defeat, with former striker Karl-Heinz Rummenigge stating that "I have never seen such a terrible defeat This is a new Waterloo for us.

England only reached the quarter-finals. Both teams were defeated by the competition winners, Brazil. England and Germany next played on 22 August , in a friendly at the newly-rebuilt Wembley Stadium.

England surprisingly lost the match 2—1, their first defeat at the new Wembley, as Germany, following the unexpectedly successful World Cup, was still rebuilding the national team with a new generation and many unexperienced players.

Germany won the match 4—1, knocking England out and advancing into the quarter-finals. This was the greatest defeat England ever suffered in their World Cup history.

In the 38th minute, a shot by Frank Lampard controversially bounced off the crossbar well into the goal and back out again with Germany leading only 2—1.

However, neither the referee Jorge Larrionda nor the linesman saw it pass over the line. In Germany it was perceived as at least a slight revenge for the goal of , which is usually considered unjust in Germany.

The German women's league is considered one of the strongest in the world, until the end of the —14 season out of a possible 13 Champions League titles, German clubs have won eight.

By contrast, Arsenal are the only English side to have won the competition, doing so in The German women's team is more popular in Germany than the English women's team is in England.

Germany matches are televised on national television and attract millions of viewers. The World Cup quarterfinal between Germany and Japan attracted over 17 million viewers, [29] while England women's matches struggle to even make it into television schedules.

England's group games in the World Cup were watched by up to four million viewers on German television, but less than a million on BBC , which means even with no German involvement, England games are at this point more popular in Germany than in the country the England team actually represents.

England has not won a major title, their best result being Euro runners up in women's Euro and in Euro Meanwhile, Germany's women have won two World Cups, and , [31] and a total of eight European Championships in the years of , , , , , , and Together with the three Euro wins and the four World Cup wins of the men's team, Germany counts 17 major tournament titles, while England has one major tournament title so far.

Since World War II , Britain has considered itself a rival to Germany in many areas, such as automobile production , naval forces , trade and economy [35] —this rivalry has also permeated into football.

English football fans often deem Germany to be their traditional football rival and care more about this rivalry than those with other countries, such as Scotland or Argentina.

In the run-up to any football match against Germany, many English tabloids publish articles that contain references to the Second World War, such as calling their opposition derogatory terms such as " krauts " or " hun ".

England's defeat of Germany in the World Cup has been often voted by the English as their greatest ever sporting moment, [41] and the 5—1 victory in has also regularly placed highly.

As far back as the s, the footballing rivalry between England and Germany has been considered mainly an English phenomenon; this has been observed by several commentators of both English and German origin.

In June , British comedian Stephen Fry stated on the BBC show QI that, unlike the English, German football fans do not care about their team's loss at the World Cup final and may not even remember that they had made it that far.

Instead, German fans consider their rivalry with the Netherlands to be their traditional footballing rivalry and care more about the matches against them, such as the FIFA World Cup final.

Following their 5—1 loss in , many German fans were not particularly concerned, instead revelling in the Netherlands ' defeat by the Republic of Ireland the same day.

Some sang directly after the loss to England: In , during the lead-up to World Cup match, journalist Marina Hyde remarked in The Guardian that the rivalry between the England and Germany football teams was "quite obviously an illusion, existing only in the minds of those wishful to the point of insanity — which is to say, the English".

Beck described Germany's ambivalence to the rivalry, saying that "as far as the Germans are concerned, Sunday's game is nothing more than another sporting contest".

However, it would of course also be false to say that there is no rivalry at all between Germany and England; for one thing, the very fact that the English perceive it to be such cannot go unnoticed, for another, there is the long-standing quarrel about the " Wembley goal " only somewhat silenced since a clear goal was not awarded to the English in England matches, even friendlies, are always considered highly important sporting events though of course, the tradition and, usually, the quality of both the teams may account for most of that , going so far that a popular radioplay series mocks people in love as "looking deep into each other's eyes even if a Germany vs.

England match is on TV". Also, different flags were applied:. England played four Friendly matches against the East Germany national football team which was fielded by the DFV in the German Democratic Republic which existed from to As well as the rivalry between the national sides, English and German club teams have also met on numerous occasions in the various European club competitions.

Having recently missed out on the Bundesliga title to their rivals Borussia Dortmund , Bayern Munich suffered defeat at the Allianz Arena ; a game dubbed "Finale dahoam" Bavarian for "final at home" as it marked the second time that any team played the tournament's final at their home ground.

The game [51] ended as a 1—1 draw after added extra time aet before being decided 4—3 on penalties. Bayern Munich seemed like the more dominant of the two sides throughout, but a criticised [52] [53] Chelsea defence "parked the bus" , preventing many chances which eventually lead to their first Champions League win.

Perhaps the most noteworthy encounter was the UEFA Champions League Final between Manchester United and Bayern Munich, during which the English club were trailing 1—0 until injury time, then scoring two goals to win 2—1.

This result was celebrated by many in England who were not United fans as being another English victory over Germany.

Leeds would eventually eliminate a German team VfB Stuttgart in unexpected and bizarre circumstances. After the Germans had qualified, in the first round of the —93 competition, on the away goals rule, the return leg was awarded by UEFA 3—0 to Leeds United because Stuttgart fielded an extra foreigner, thus infringing the European competition rules that were in place at the time.

A replay was ordered as the aggregate stood at 3—3. Leeds won the replay at Barcelona 's Camp Nou 2—1. In , a young and depleted Leeds United side, managed by David O'Leary , eliminated Munich from the Champions League beating them home and away in the preliminary round before reaching the semi-final.

These were against the likes of Borussia Mönchengladbach , 1. Liverpool's win against Borussia Mönchengladbach in Rome stands out for one special reason.

It started a sequence of six consecutive English European Cup victories each time involving the elimination of a German club in the latter stages.

The English hold the upper hand in club football encounters, although there were notable German wins such as Bayern's revenge over Manchester United F.

Both English sides exacted revenge over Leverkusen in subsequent Champions League encounters. Borussia Dortmund beat Manchester United 1—0 both home and away in the semifinal of the —97 UEFA Champions League which they won, United having been guilty of squandering numerous chances in both legs, especially the return leg at Old Trafford.

English club victories were often celebrated in a manner which evoked memories of the War. The outspoken Brian Clough is on record boasting that he never lost to a German side and that he took satisfaction from this for what the Germans had done to his father during the war.

Clough memorably led Nottingham Forest to a 1—0 win in Cologne following a spectacular 3—3 draw at the City Ground in the semifinal en route to Forest winning their first European Cup.

The following year, a Forest side minus star player, Trevor Francis , defeated Hamburg in the final by employing an Italian style catenaccio based on dogged defence and brilliant goalkeeping by Peter Shilton.

Liverpool have a tremendous record against German opposition, from both sides of the East-West divide, and once famously hit Munich 8—0 in an old Fairs Cup game, a treatment meted out to Hamburg 6—0 when winning the first of their three European Super Cups, the second also against German opposition in the form of FC Bayern Munich.

Liverpool's encounters with Bayern and Borussia Mönchengladbach known in Germany as the Gladbacher , the latter a force to be reckoned with in the 70s, are memorable.

Bayern had hit Coventry City for six in a previous round. Liverpool won the first leg 3—0 with an Alun Evans hat-trick and drew 1—1 in Munich.

The most important encounter between the two sides was in the European Cup semi-final of when a depleted Liverpool were held to a goalless draw at Anfield and then drew 1—1 in Munich.

They scored in the 83rd minute with a Ray Kennedy goal at the Olympia Stadion in Munich before Karl-Heinz Rummenigge equalised in the 88th minute to preserve Bayern's then unbeaten home record against English opposition, even though Liverpool went through to win their third European Cup final.

The great Günter Netzer , now a pundit on German television, and midfield forager, Herbert Wimmer , played for Mönchengladbach in the encounters with Everton and the Cup final against Liverpool, then managed by Bill Shankly.

Borussia would eliminate an English club in en route to winning the UEFA Cup for the second time in their history. The English club was Manchester City whose manager, Malcolm Allison , had taken over a few months earlier from Tony Book and dismantled what seemed, in the earlier rounds, to be a star-studded side, to blood young wannabes.

There were memorable encounters in the other European competitions. The UEFA Cup, which became a strong competition in the late seventies, eighties and 90s, before being devalued in recent years, threw up some wonderful Anglo-German encounters, among the most memorable of which would be Ipswich Town 's victories both home and away over 1.

FC Köln in the semifinal of the competition which they won, Tottenham Hotspur 's 5—1 aggregate mauling of Cologne in the competition and defeat of Bayern ten years later when winning the competition for the second time, debutant Watford 's comeback against Kaiserslautern in the first round of the —84 competition, Bayern's thrashing of Nottingham Forest F.

Nottingham Forest 7—2 on aggregate — after Forest had held Bayern to a 1—1 draw in the first leg in Munich — in en route to winning the cup, debutant Norwich City 's win at the Olympia Stadion in Munich before ousting Bayern at Carrow Road in and Kaiserlautern's final minutes turn around against Tottenham Hotspur, managed by George Graham , in More recently, in Hamburg eliminated Manchester City who had earlier in the campaign beaten Schalke in Germany, a team they also beat 5—1 in the quarter finals of the European Cup Winners' Cup which City went on to win.

The English hold the upper hand even in these competitions. There were however some narrow escapes. The Reds hung on in the second half.

In , Queens Park Rangers , also making their debut, with Stan Bowles , Dave Thomas and Don Givens in their ranks, took a 3—0 lead to the Mungersdorfer Stadion in Cologne and increased their lead there only for the Germans to storm back with four goals and miss out on qualification on the away goals rule.

There were also many encounters between English league sides and clubs from the DDR which mostly ended in favour of the English sides, although these confrontations were less spectacular than those involving clubs from West Germany.

Newport County , then from the English third division but representing Wales in the European Cup Winners' Cup in , went tantalisingly close to eliminating Carl Zeiss Jena after a 2—2 draw in East Germany but lost 0—1 in the home leg after a blinding display by the East German keeper Hans-Ulrich Grapenthin.

Jena made it to the final where they lost to Dynamo Tbilisi of Georgia , then part of the Soviet Union. Liverpool had three confrontations with Dynamo Dresden which they all won, including a splendid 5—1 performance at Anfield in the second round of the European Cup competition.

Forest, the European Cup holders, had a mountain to climb to hold on to the trophy, having lost the first leg at the City Ground 0—1 to a goal by Hans-Jürgen Riediger.

They managed to register another victory 1—0 on English soil in the return leg only to be ousted on the away goal rule by Villa who went on to keep the European Cup in England for a sixth consecutive year, beating FC Bayern Munich in the Rotterdam final.

Forest cast-away, Peter Withe , scored the only goal of the game against the run of play. For most of the second half, Bayern were camped inside the Villa half, hit the woodwork, went tantaisingly close on a number of occasions but found substitute rookie goalkeeper, Nigel Spink who replaced veteran Jimmy Rimmer after only a few minutes , in inspiring form.

The rivalry between the two nations has not prevented their respective nationals from playing in each other's domestic leagues, in certain cases to high renown.

Klinsmann was voted the same accolade in while playing for Tottenham, where he pioneered the ' diving ' goal celebration.

Owen Hargreaves played for Bayern Munich for seven seasons before transferring to Manchester United in

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